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Mise-en-scène is the “placing on stage” within the film frame. It refers to everything that appears before the camera and the arrangement, sets, props, actors, costumes, and lighting within.

It focuses on four main aspects which can be used to understand the links within a director’s work. These aspects are: set design, lighting, space, costume, and acting.

The element of placing items (props) in a scene. Set design can be used to amplify character emotion, the mood of a film, or to establish aspects of the character that are not explicitly explained.

The intensity, direction, and quality of lighting can dictate how a scene is perceived by the audience. The light and shade that is created exploits the texture, shape, distance, mood, and time of day that a viewer has to understand.

The blocking of a scene will affect the reading of a film, where placement of the characters will hold various spaces between each other. The depth, placement, and size of the objects in a film can be manipulated through camera placement and lenses, lighting, set design. This can determine the mood and relationships between elements the the character world.

Costume is simply the clothes characters wear. It can hold various affiliations to the set design, or other character costumes depending on the colours, style, or type of costume they have to compliment each other.

The delivery of the script will depend on both the actor and director to establish the tone of the film. The various styles to deliver lines means the other aspects of mise-en-scène can be enhanced.

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